William Greenough III was born in Rhode Island (USA) in 1932. He received his MA from Amherst College in Massachusetts in 1953 and MD from Harvard Medical School in 1957. He completed post-graduate training at the College of Physicians and Surgeon at Columbia University, the National Cancer Institute and Peter Bent Brigham and Women Hospital. He is a Fellow of the American College of Physicians.
Professor Greenough held several prominent positions and consultancies at different research centers, institutions and hospitals in the United States and overseas, including: the National Heart Institute and the National Institutes of Health, Baltimore City Hospitals, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Perry Point Veterans Administration and Bangladesh Information Center. He has been teaching at Johns Hopkins University since 1967 and is currently Professor of Medicine and Professor of Microbiology at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and Professor of International Medicine at Bloomberg School of Hygiene and Public Health at Johns Hopkins Medical Center at Bay View, MD. He is also a faculty member of the Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology and Consultant at the Burn Center in Johns Hopkins medical center. Professor Greenough founded and directed research on diarrheal diseases in Bangladesh and was the Scientific Director of the Cholera Research Laboratory and Director of the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research in Dhaka, Bangladesh. He also served as President of Bangladesh Foundation in Washington and helped found and direct the Child Health Foundation at Columbia, MD.
Professor Greenough conducted seminal studies – jointly with Professor Michael Field – on the etiology, pathogenesis and pathophysiology of diarrheal diseases, the influence of these diseases on salt and water balance in the human body and their treatment and control. His contributions were published in more than 310 scientific paper, review articles and conference papers and abstracts and 43 book chapters. He also edited ten books and conference proceedings, and served as editor-inchief, founding editor or associate editor of many scientific and medical journals. He is also a fellow or member of 14 medical societies.
In addition to the King Faisal International Prize for Medicine, he received the UNICEF Gold Medal for East Asia and Pakistan and the UNICEF International Maurice Bent Prize. He also served as an invited lecturer at numerous universities and research institutions. A special Award was incepted in his honor in 2006, the W.J. Greenough Award for Excellence in Research.